Peltophorum pterocarpum

Syn. Inga pterocarpa, Caesalpinia ferruginea, Caesalpinia inermis, Peltophorum ferrugineum, Peltophorum roxburghii

Arbre de feu, Flanbwayan jón

Yellow flame tree, Flamboyãn amarillo

 

Floraison spectaculaire

                                                                               

 

Arbre de feu, peltophore, Copper-pod, golden flame, rain tree, rusty shield bearer, sagabark peltophorum, yellow flamboyant, yellow flame, yellow gold mohur, yellow poinciana, Flamboyán Amarillo, braziletto wood., …

 

Family

 

FABACEAE

 

Origin

 

Asia and Australia

 

Description

 

 

Peltophorum pterocarpum is a deciduous tree usually reaching a height of 15-24 m, although it may attain 50 m and a diameter of 50-100 cm.

Bark is smooth, grey, crown dense, and spreading.

Flowers are orange-yellow, each about 2.5 cm in diameter, fragrant, particularly at night; inflorescence brown-tomentose, panicles terminal with rust-colored buds.

Flowering occurs from March-May, although sporadic flowering may occur throughout the year (particularly in young trees), and a second flush of flowers may occur in September-November.

P. Pterocarpum is fast-growing, attaining a height of 9 m in 3 years and flowering when around 4 years.

 

Habitat

 

Cultivated

 

Propagation

Seeds

 

Culture and care

The tree prefers light to medium free draining alkaline soils although it also tolerates clay soils.

It can resist to 30ºF!

Saok seeds during 24h before plant them.

Uses

 

- Ornemental use

 

 

Can be planted as a single plant or in hedge.

 

Other uses

  

It is suitable for use as a fodder, Apiculture, fuel wood, Timber (greyish-white, turning grey-brown on aging. The heartwood is light reddish-brown or black, moderately hard, moderately heavy, and somewhat lustrous, with a straight to interlocking grain. The wood is used locally for light construction purposes, cabinet making, sawn or hewn building timbers, wood ware, woodcarving and marquetry)

It is also used for tanning leather, and preserving and dyeing fishing nets.

 

P. Pterocarpum is a widely-appreciated shade tree, due to its dense spreading crown. It is used in shelterbelts because it is wind firm. 

He has potential for reforestation. It has the ability to fix nitrogen.

Copper-pod is a source of green manure.

Yellow flame is a very beautiful and elegant ornamental tree. The beautiful golden-yellow flowers may be used as cut flowers. 

The tree can be used as a hedge. 

 

It has been tested in rotational alley-cropping/fallow systems, where it shows promise.

 

Etymology

 

Peltophorum signifie « qui porte un bouclier », par rapport aux fleurs. Pterocarpum signifie « Fruits ailés ».

  

Ethnology

 

 

In Indonesia, the bark is used for fermenting palm wine.

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